News Tip: Sports Aside, Title IX Has Transformed Education Through ‘Stealth Politics’

Summary: Title IX is often associated with expanding the participation of girls and women in sports. Political scientist Deondra Rose, professor and author of a book on the advancement of women in education, comments on Title IX, enacted 50 years ago on June 23, 1972.

“Title IX has been pivotal in transforming the gender dynamics of colleges and universities,” says Duke University political scientist Deondra Pink.

“Fifty years ago, the architects of Title IX faced a daunting political landscape that made the passage of such transformative legislation rather unlikely. It was the expert political savvy of Rep. Edith Green (D-Ore.), the initiator of the legislation, that made such a law workable at a time when women made up just 3% of the House of Representatives. United States, and there was only one woman in the United States Senate: Margaret Chase Smith (R-Maine). Rep. Green’s stealth policy was based on not attracting opposition from people who would disagree with the settlement.

“A key part of an otherwise rambling omnibus bill, Title IX dramatically increased women’s access to college, vocational training and higher education by prohibiting institutions from excluding women from their student bodies or by using quotas to suppress the number of women admitted to college programs. ”

“Title IX prohibited educational institutions from excluding women from academic programs, activities, and honors, and prohibited the practice of providing women’s pursuits with lower levels of support and resources. Title IX also prohibited discrimination on the basis of sex in the hiring and compensation of faculty and in the treatment of pregnant and parental students; and it provided a legal remedy against sexual harassment on campus. ”

“The success of Title IX illustrates the impact that legislators from traditionally underrepresented groups in the corridors of power have had in advancing greater equality in the United States.”

Organic :
Deondra Rose is an associate professor of public policy, political science, and history at Duke University’s Sanford School of Public Policy, and director of Polis: Politics Center. She studies public, social, and higher education policy in the United States, American political development and behavior, identity politics, and inequality. She is the author of “Citizens by Degree: Higher Education Policy and the Changing Gender Dynamics of American Citizenship”, which examines the societal and regulatory changes since the 1960s that have helped women fully realize their role as American citizens.

For additional comments, contact Deondra Rose at

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